Proper Disposal of Various Biohazard Medical Wastes

Waste contaminated with infectious agents or items that may represent a risk to human health or the environment is considered biohazard waste. Medical trash, Sharps, and other biohazardous substances are examples of biohazardous waste. Specifically, medical waste is defined as waste created in a laboratory or clinical environment.

To protect laboratory staff, custodians, lab visitors, and anyone else exposed to biohazardous material, these wastes should be handled and disposed of properly. The term “biohazard” and the symbol must appear on all biohazardous trash at a minimum. There should be additional information, such as the kind of trash and the source of the garbage.

Biohazard Medical Waste Management

To reduce the amount of exposure and danger posed to both the general public and the environment, each form of potentially infectious medical waste is segregated, recognized, sterilized, and recycled as necessary. The many forms that these wastes might take and the appropriate methods for getting rid of them will now be discussed here. 

1. Solid 

Any non-sharp material that touches human or animal specimens is biohazardous trash. PPE, Petri dishes, towels, linens, and pipettes are included. You can better handle them by segregating sharps from other objects, including any other readily broken items. Blood vials and other things made of glass become sharp when they die.

Solid waste should be collected in an autoclave-lined container and should be biohazard-marked. Autoclaving onsite decontaminates the trash bin and then is transported to a pre-approved dump as medical trash. If not decontaminated onsite, a waste management business collects it. The waste management company will dispose of it as required.

If your property got damaged from biohazard waste, you must contact a property restoration and remediation company. You can type in “home restoration services near me” in your search bar for the best results available in your area.

2. Liquid 

Body fluids or blood that could be infectious are examples of liquid medical waste. Less than 25 milliliters of liquid may be discarded as solid trash. Over 25 mL needs a separate disposal technique.

Liquid biohazards must be collected in leak-proof containers. They must secure the biohazard container and label it as a biohazard. Personnel may dispose of most liquid waste with bleach or autoclave it as a liquid biohazard. Any liquid, including bodily fluid and chemical waste, is an exception.

Cleaning up a biohazard spillage can be dangerous and harmful to your health. You can click this link to contact a biohazard clean-up service provider. 

3. Sharp 

It’s any medical instrument that might be contagious and is sharp enough to pierce flesh. Needles, micro slides, scalpels, and shattered glass vials are considered sharps. These may contain biohazards.

In the healthcare industry, sharps are put in specific containers. These containers are puncture-resistant, leak-proof, and safe. The staff should put all sharps in these unique containers.  They should put the appropriate symbol on the labels of the sharps containers so that they may be identified.

4. Pathological

Organs, tissues, and body parts were taken from animals, or humans are considered pathological waste. There is a chance that any of these might be infected. The waste from a biopsy falls into this category. Anatomical components extracted during autopsies or surgical procedures are another example.

Pathological waste should be double-bagged by healthcare workers to avoid leakage. After that, it should be disposed of in the same manner as other liquid trash by placing it in a secondary container. Incineration or other chemical treatment is then used to dispose of it. Pathological waste should not be autoclaved.

5. Microbiological

Laboratories produce most microbiological waste. Culture dishes and specimens are examples. Other examples are viruses that have been used once and thrown away and tools that technicians use to mix cultures. Infectious agents, bacteria, and biologicals comprise microbiological waste. In this group are the waste products from making biologicals and antibiotics.  Clinical or scientific operations using infectious agents produce microbial waste.

Hospitals autoclave microbiological trash. They then transport them to a garbage disposal facility. Personnel processes garbage onsite based on category. Sharps trash is placed in the specified receptacle, for example.

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